Iceland

Iceland, a Nordic island nation, is defined by its dramatic landscape with volcanoes, geysers, hot springs and lava fields. Massive glaciers are protected in Vatnajökull and Snæfellsjökull national parks. Most of the population lives in the capital, Reykjavik, which runs on geothermal power and is home to the National and Saga museums, tracing Iceland’s Viking history.

 

 

CapitalReykjavik

Population338,349 (2017) Eurostat

CurrencyIcelandic króna

Ethnic groups (2017)91% Icelandic; 4% Polish; 5% other

DestinationsReykjavikÞingvellirJökulsárlónVík í Mýrdal,

Finland

Finland is a Northern European nation bordering Sweden, Norway and Russia. Its capital, Helsinki, occupies a peninsula and surrounding islands in the Baltic Sea. Helsinki is home to the 18th-century sea fortress Suomenlinna, the fashionable Design District and diverse museums. The Northern Lights can be seen from the country’s Arctic Lapland province, a vast wilderness with national parks and ski resorts.

 

CapitalHelsinki

Population5.503 million (2017) Eurostat

CurrencyEuro

Points of interestSuomenlinnaSanta Claus VillageMORE

Official languagesFinnish, Swedish

Estonia

Estonia, a country in Northern Europe, borders the Baltic Sea and Gulf of Finland. Including more than 1,500 islands, its diverse terrain spans rocky beaches, old-growth forest and many lakes. Formerly part of the Soviet Union, it’s dotted with castles, churches and hilltop fortresses. The capital, Tallinn, is known for its preserved Old Town, museums and the 314m-high Tallinn TV Tower, which has an observation deck.

 

 

CapitalTallinn

Population1.316 million (2017) Statistics Estonia

CurrencyEuro

PresidentKersti Kaljulaid

Points of interestVanalinnLahemaa National ParkToompea,

 

Norway

Norway is a Scandinavian country encompassing mountains, glaciers and deep coastal fjords. Oslo, the capital, is a city of green spaces and museums. Preserved 9th-century Viking ships are displayed at Oslo’s Viking Ship Museum. Bergen, with colorful wooden houses, is the starting point for cruises to the dramatic Sognefjord. Norway is also known for fishing, hiking and skiing, notably at Lillehammer’s Olympic resort.

 

 

CapitalOslo

Dialing code+47

Population5.258 million (2017) Eurostat

CurrencyNorwegian krone

Points of interestLofotenPreikestolenGeirangerfjordLysefjord,